It really depends on how much work there is to do and how far your teeth need to be moved.Fixed braces - usually take between 12 and 24 months, but could take longer if the problem is severe.Removable braces - usually take less time than a fixed brace. However, you might need to wear a removable brace before and after you have finished your treatment with a fixed brace.Your dentist or orthodontist will be able to give you advice about your brace and teeth. If you don't do what they say, the brace can take longer to work and the treatment may be unsuccessful. If your brace is damaged or broken this can also delay the treatment.
You will need to have your brace adjusted regularly to make sure it is working properly. Usually you will have an appointment roughly every six to eight weeks. It is extremely important that you go to these appointments otherwise the brace will take a lot longer to work.
If you have a removable brace then it is best to take it out and put it in a brace case. You can buy these from your dentist, or from most large chemists. If you do remove your brace, it is important to use a mouthguard and then put your brace back in as soon as possible. It is also best to take your brace out if you are swimming. If you have a fixed brace you should wear a special mouthguard for use during contact sports over the brace. Your dentist will be able to make you one.
Eating the wrong foods can damage or even break your brace. For the first few days, it may be better to keep to soft foods. Whether you have a removable or a fixed brace you should avoid sticky, chewy and sugary foods. Chewing-gum is not recommended as it can stick to your brace. Avoid hard foods such as whole apples, carrots, French bread and crusty rolls. These foods could break the orthodontic wires and brackets.At first it is best to cut your food into small pieces and keep to a soft diet. Food may build up in the brackets and in between your teeth and will need careful cleaning to remove it. Avoid fizzy drinks and natural fruit juices as these are often high in sugar and can be acidic. This can lead to tooth decay and erosion. Fizzy drinks can also stain the orthodontic brackets. If you do drink fizzy drinks, avoid constant sipping of the drink and use a straw. Water and plain milk are the safest drinks.
If you lose or damage your brace tell your dentist or orthodontist as soon as possible. Do not wait until your next routine appointment because any time you are not wearing your brace, or it is not in the correct position, affects your treatment and makes it more likely that your teeth will go back to their old position. Dentists may charge for lost or broken braces before replacing them.
Clean your teeth and the brace thoroughly after each meal. Pay special attention to each individual tooth and the gum line around it.
Total care toothpastesThese contain a number of active ingredients such as fluoride or tartar control to make them an effective multi-action toothpaste. They help control plaque, dental decay and gum disease while also freshening your breath. Electric or battery-operated toothbrushesThese can be used, although with care, as long as you can get to all your teeth. Ask your dentist or orthodontist about special small brushes which are suitable for cleaning your teeth when wearing a brace. These can help you clean a fixed brace. They can get in between your teeth and are ideal for cleaning around the brackets of a fixed brace. Your dentist or chemist should stock these.You can use these to help you get dental floss under the orthodontic wires to remove trapped food particles.These contain a harmless dye which stains the dental plaque. This makes it easier to see where the plaque is when you are brushing. This helps you to make sure that you are brushing your teeth properly. Your dentist, chemist or supermarket will stock these.Using fluoride mouthrinses regularly can help to prevent dental decay and tooth decalcification. You should only use them under the guidance and instruction of your dentist or orthodontist.